Pre-school and school children


  • Inward turning of the toes
  • Inward rotation of the knee joints and the valgus position
  • scoliosis, lordosis, kyphosis
  • cerebral palsy
  • posttraumatic disorders
  • other neurological disorders


  • Protrusion of scapulae and anterior inward rotation of the shoulders • Disorders of the configuration of the ribcage, most often its inner collapse and subsequent disorders of the coordination of the stereotypical breathing •  Side deviation of the spine – i.e. scoliotic development •       Anterior pulling of the head •     Disorders of the posture of the mandible in terms of autonomic regulation of the closing of the mouth; concurrent development of an incorrect overbite because of the shift of the mandible, impaired dental occlusion and increased carious lesions. (Children tend to prefer the breathing with mouth.)